HGH Deficiency In Adults
Hormone growth hormone is naturally produced by the pituitary gland. HGH deficiency in adults is actually more common than you might think. When there is a decrease in growth hormone in adults it can lead to the following symptoms:
A decrease in human growth hormone in adults can cause:
- Weakened heart muscle contraction
- Weakened heart rate
- Increase in arterial plaque
- Increase in blood pressure
- Elevated lipids or fats in the blood (cholesterol, triglycerides, LDL)
- Decrease in exercise capacity
- Decrease in energy due to decrease in metabolic rate
- Increase in abdominal fat
- Decrease in bone density
- Increase in fractures
- Increase in osteoporosis
- Decrease in muscle strength and size
- A decrease in lean body mass
- Increase in fat mass
- Low blood sugar leading to dizziness, fainting, weakness, tiredness, headache
- Decreased sexual drive
- Problems sleeping
- Weight gain
- Psychological symptoms including anxiety, nervousness, depression, shyness, and withdrawal
- Problems sleeping
Diagnosis and Criteria
AGHD (adult human growth hormone deficiency) is a condition that occurs when there is a lack of secretion or low secretion of somatotropin, known as human growth hormone, by the pituitary gland. Hormones are produced by special cells located in the glands and other body organs, which send out chemical messages.
A syndrome is defined by a set of symptoms that occur at the same time and are the result of the same cause. A single measurement of HGH levels is seldom of any use, because the hormone concentration is generally low throughout the day and is released in pulses rather than as a steady ongoing secretion. As a result, there needs to be a lack of response to stand HGH stimulation tests to accurately determine HGH deficiency in an adult.
An adult endocrinologist will examine the adult’s childhood for deficiencies, look at the history of any organic pituitary disease, and combine with current symptoms to make a decision whether an adult human growth hormone deficiency exists.
HGH Replacement Therapy
HGH replacement therapy involves biosynthetic HGH. The goal of the HGH replacement therapy is to restore the growth hormone levels to normal levels so that normal body function can be restored, including a reduction or elimination of the symptoms described above.
It was during the 1990’s that the importance of HGH in adults was established.
The Pituitary Gland and the Hypothalamus
The pituitary gland is responsible for producing several hormones that control the functions of a number of glands. It is found in the middle of the skull below the hypothalamus. The hypothalamus sends out a chemical message to which the pituitary gland responds secreting the necessary hormones.
There are two distinct part to the pituitary gland the anterior or front lobe, and the posterior or rear lobe.
The anterior or front lobe – produces six major hormones:
- One for the production of breast milk
- Two for reproduction
- One for thyroid function
- One for adrenal function
- One for somatotropin – HGH – which influence metabolism and growth
The hypothalamus stimulates the release of the hormone from the the anterior pituitary. Then these hormones act throughout the body. If the pituitary gland is destroyed the hormone secretion becomes lost. When there is the loss of one or more hormones this is called hypopituitarism. If the pituitary gland is destroyed or removed an all hormone secretion is lost it is called panhypopituitarism.
Coping With Adult Growth Hormone Deficiency
If you have an adult growth hormone deficiency you can suffer from one or more of the symptoms we discussed earlier. You may also find your mood and emotions are affected. This occurs because human growth hormone plays an important part in managing psychological feelings.
There are effective treatments for a person suffering from an adult growth hormone deficiency that is experiencing symptoms.
Depending on the severity of your adult growth hormone deficiency will determine treatment. In the most serious of deficiencies an endocrologist will look at your symptoms and determine what treatment is best, including HGH injections. In lesser degrees of hormone deficiency a person may decide to try HGH supplements. In numerous cases this results in a release of symptoms. However, in serious HGH deficiencies a more aggressive treatment will be necessary.